If you’re obese, one of several surgical weight-loss procedures could solve the problem.
For people who are severely overweight, bariatric surgery can help them shed unwanted pounds and there are a few surgical options to choose from. According to the National Institutes of Health, candidates for bariatric surgery are:
- Men who are at least 100 pounds over their ideal weight
- Women at least 80 pounds overweight
- Less overweight people who have heart disease, diabetes, and sleep apnea
Laproscopic Adjustable Gastric Band (AGP)
This is also known as lap band surgery. A small band with a balloon inside it is placed around the top of the stomach. Inflating the balloon limits the size of the stomach to that of a small pouch.
Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass
This procedure has two components. As in AGP, the size of the stomach is reduced. In addition, food is routed from the small pouch at the top of the stomach to the small intestine. Less fat and fewer calories are absorbed in the small intestine, compared to other parts of the digestive system.
Biliopancreatic Diversion with a Duodenal Switch
This procedure is sometimes simply called a duodenal switch. It has three main elements:
- Removing part of the stomach, which makes a person feel full sooner
- Directing food past a portion of the small intestine
- Changing how digestive juices process foods
The remaining portion of the stomach forms a sleeve that is connected to the duodenum, which is then connected to the small intestine. According to the American Society of Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery, the duodenal switch leads to high weight loss, but the complexity of the surgery can make it risky.
Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy (VSG)
As with the previous surgery, VSG removes a large part of the stomach. It is sometimes performed on patients who are not good candidates for the riskier duodenal switch.
At HCA East Florida, several of our surgeons are trained in bariatric procedures. If you are obese and think surgery may be the answer, contact our Consult-A-Nurse® service at 1-866-442-2362 with any questions or for a physician referral.